WHO OCCUPIED JERUSALEM AND WHEN?
1000 BCE The ancient city of Urusalim, meaning “Foundation of Shalem (God)” is conquered by David, King of Israel. The Hebrews occupy Jerusalem.
975-926 BCE David’s son Solomon builds the Temple in Jerusalem.
922 BCE Solomon dies, and the Hebrew tribes occupying the northern part of Palestine secede, leaving the kingdom of Israel divided into the northern and southern kingdoms–Israel to the north and Judah to the south.
850 BCE Philistines & Arabians sack Jerusalem.
786 BCE King Joash of Israel (the northern kingdom) conquers the city. The northern kingdom controls the city.
721 BCE Conquest of the tribes of the northern kingdom by Assyria. These tribes, the legendary Ten Lost Tribes of Israel disappear from history, leaving only the tribes of the southern kingdom.
612 BCE Assyria yields to Babylon
604 BCE Jerusalem is despoiled and her king is deported to Babylon.
587/86 BCE King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon totally destroys the city and the Temple, and Jews are taken into captivity.
538 BCE Persian King Cyrus II vanquishes the Babylonians and allows Jews to return to Jerusalem.
515 Temple is restored.
444 Nehemiah restores fortifications of Jerusalem.
333 BCE Alexander the Great of Greece overthrows the Persians and the Hellenistic/Roman period begins.
40 BCE Herod the Great begins his 40-year reign during which the city reaches her peak of greatness.
70 CE Jerusalem besieged and almost totally destroyed by the Roman Titus. The temple is reduced to rubbish.
130 CE The city is partially repopulated.
135 CE Roman emperor Hadrian plants a new city on top of the rubbish of Jerusalem and names it after his family and Roman gods: Aelia Capitolina. A sanctuary to Jupiter is erected on the Temple Mount and other Roman deities are honored throughout the city. Jews are prohibited from entering the city.
4th century CE Under the influence of Constantine, Christianity becomes the official religion of Rome and the city returns to her original name Jerusalem.
Source: Britannica online https://www.britannica.com/place/Jerusalem
- Contributors:Joshua Prawer, Stewart Henry Perowne and Others (See All Contributors)
- Article Title:Jerusalem
- Website Name:Encyclopædia Britannica
- Publisher:Encyclopædia Britannica, inc.
- Date Published:September 05, 2019
- Access Date:September 16, 2019