US Senate Chaplain Peter Marshall


Peter_MarshallAmerican Minute with Bill Federer Link to original article

Twentieth-Century Fox made a motion picture in 1955 titled A Man Called Peter, about the life of U.S. Senate Chaplain Peter Marshall, born MAY 27, 1902.

After World War II ended and as the Korean War began, the U.S. Senate appointed Peter Marshall to be their Chaplain on January 4, 1947.

Peter Marshall prayed:

“O Lord our God, even at this moment as we come blundering into Thy presence in prayer, we are haunted by memories of duties unperformed, promptings disobeyed, and beckonings ignored.

Opportunities to be kind knocked on the door of our hearts and went weeping away.”


On January 13, 1947, U.S. Senate Chaplain Peter Marshall stated:

“The choice before us is plain: Christ or chaos, conviction or compromise, discipline or disintegration.

I am rather tired of hearing about our rights… The time is come to hear about responsibilities…

America’s future depends upon her accepting and demonstrating God’s government.”


Just 6 months before he died, June 11, 1948, U.S. Senate Chaplain Peter Marshall opened Congress with the prayer:

“Help us, our Father, to show other nations an America to imitate… the America that loves fair play, honest dealing, straight talk, real freedom and faith in God.”

A remarkable statistic about Birds

 From Cornell University Bird Lab
If you were alive in 1970, 29% of breeding birds in the U.S. and Canada have disappeared within your lifetime. These data signal an urgent need to repair the very fabric of our ecosystems — and bring birds back.

Habitat loss and degradation are the biggest reasons for the rapid and staggering loss of birds across the continent. What are other leading causes of bird deaths because of humans? Every year, more than 2.6 billion birds are estimated to be killed by cats, and up to 1 billion birds are killed by window strikes in the U.S. and Canada alone. Collisions with vehicles and structures such as power lines and communications towers are additionally estimated to kill more than 300 million.

Senate bill 311 regarding survivors of abortions

Today, the issue of abortion reclaims US political headlines, but with a different focus.

Sometimes attempts at abortions fail, and there is a dilemma as to what to do when this happens.  What should happen in this difficult situation?  It seems that Congress dealt with the issue in 2001 and again in 2015.  Headlines indicate that a recent Senate bill addressing the issue has failed, but will re-emerge today, April 3, 2019. S.311

We pray on behalf of those people in our hospitals and clinics and in homes across the country who are personally involved.  Psalm 139 is a wonderful celebratory prayer affirming the presence of God in each life.  These infants were “fearfully and wonderfully made”, and God’s thoughts towards them and his presence with them has been since before “their bodies were woven together in their mother’s womb.”

Psalm 139: 7-18  (NIV)
Where can I go from your Spirit?   Where can I flee from your presence?   . . .
. . . If I say, “Surely the darkness will hide me and the light become night around me,” even the darkness will not be dark to you; the night will shine like the day, for darkness is as light to you.
For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother’s womb.
I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well.
My frame was not hidden from you when I was made in the secret place, when I was woven together in the depths of the earth.  Your eyes saw my unformed body; all the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.
How precious to me are your thoughts, God!  How vast is the sum of them!  Were I to count them, they would outnumber the grains of sand–when I awake, I am still with you. . . .

A wonderful scripture from a sermon by Moses to the Israelites gives us much encouragement about our prayers for our nation:

Deuteronomy 4:7  “And what other nation is so great as to have their gods near them the way the Lord our God is near us whenever we pray to him?”


Where is Gehenna Now?

The laws given to Moses by God over 3,000 years ago expressly forbade the Jews to do what is now legal in the State of New York.   

“You shall not give any of your children to devote them by fire to Moloch, and so profane the name of your God”  (Leviticus 18:21), ordered the God of Moses.  You shall not sacrifice your children.

Moloch or Molech was an ancient Canaanite god to whom children were sacrificed.   The practice may have lasted from as early as 1400s BCE to 500s BCE to the time of good King Josiah, the last king of Judah, and beyond, throughout the Assyrian culture.  II Kings 23:10  “[Josiah] desecrated Topheth, which was in the Valley of Ben Hinnom, so no one could use it to sacrifice their son or daughter in the fire to Molek.”  In spite of God’s decree in the Book of Moses, even Jewish kings  (2 Kings 16:3 & 2 Kings 21:6) worshipped Moloch at the hilled site, the Valley of Ben Hinnom, which was outside the walls of Jerusalem.  While the practice flourished for centuries, it continued to be condemned in Jewish law: Lev. 18:21; 2 Kgs. 23:10; Jer. 32:35. 

Anthropology tells us that child sacrifice is not uncommon in more modern history of mankind.  Archeologists recently found an extreme case in Peru of a 500-year-old mass grave of children sacrificed to the god of weather.  Scientists believe the sacrifice in Peru was made in the hopes of preventing El Nino flooding.  Read about it here.   Fox news report

In the United States, we consider ourselves much more civilized than the Peruvian tribe or the ancient Canaanites.  To apply the words “child sacrifice” to describe our culture would be abhorrent.  We are much more sophisticated than to believe, as the ancients did, that there are demanding gods who must be soothed and to whom we must capitulate or be punished.  Furthermore, we are humane.  We realize that children are vulnerable and innocent and need our protection, not our abuse.

While there are, now, scores of examples of America’s law enforcement rescuing our children from life-threatening abuse and neglect, it wasn’t always so.  Until the late 19th century, in America, parents had full rights over their children regardless of how they treated them.  According to law, parents had the right to punish their children in any form and to use them for any purpose; the parents, not the government, were the parents.  Child protection laws in the United States began in 1874, after an attorney used an animal protection law to finally win his defense of a nine-year-old girl against her parents’ daily beatings.  American Bar Association

Almost exactly a century later in 1973, with Roe vs. Wade, America expanded her view of child protection and began also of thinking of the mother’s health.   Rightly or wrongly, many Americans accepted abortion as a remedy for bringing children into a lifetime of hopeless physical circumstances and a way to protect a mother’s gestational and mental health.

Before Roe, in our grandparents’ time, “abortion” was generally understood as a fetus that was naturally expelled from his/her mother’s womb.  A problem with the child’s or the mother’s health was recognized and resolved naturally by the mother’s body.  To experience an abortion at that time in history was sad, even devastating, for parents; but as emotionally painful as it was, it was generally regarded as a beautiful act of mercy by Mother Nature. For many in America,  Roe is a merciful response to the thousands of situations in our country that are neither beautiful nor merciful for mother or child.

Last week, Andrew Cuomo signed into law a different sort of abortion.  This abortion allows the embryo to complete his or her gestational development and make the journey through his or her mother’s birth canal into the arms of the delivery nurse. The child in this abortion meets the characteristics of those children of the ancients who were sacrificed to a cultural god: a living and worthy oblation.

Cuomo’s abortion bypasses the considerations of Roe, which, even to pro-life advocates like me, must be recognized as having good intentions.  Moreover, while  our grandmothers experienced great sorrow and mourning related to Mother Nature’s abortions, New York celebrates her abortion law as progress for women’s rights.

Andrew Cuomo’s signature on New York’s new abortion law may signify the final step in the process of defining abortion in America.  What is it?  Is it a way of protecting our children as America is wont to do?  Or, does it require New York’s infants to surrender their lives for something else?   Power & money?  Self and self-determination?  Science?  Idealism?  Indeed, these are the gods of America.

In the ancient rite, after children were sacrificed by fire to Molech, they were taken possession of by the Canaanite god in the Valley of Hinnom, or Gehenna, a valley outside Jerusalem.   Jer. 7:31.  “‘The people of Judah have done evil in my eyes, declares the Lord.  . . . They have built  high places of Topheth in the Valley of Ben Hinnom to burn their sons and daughters in the fire.   . . .  ”  During the centuries of the first millennium BCE, there was a continuously-burning dump in Gehenna–burning with fires fueled by the sacrificed bodies of children.  In New Testament times, the fires of Gehenna became a symbol for death and Hades.¹

Where is New York’s Gehenna?  Where can we go to mourn the loss of these precious lives lost to abortion?  To what gods are New Yorkers sacrificing their  children?



¹”Gehenna.” In A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. 30-Jan-2019. <;.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Moloch” Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.  February 26, 2016,, January 30, 2019.


“From 1854 to 1929 an estimated 250,000 orphaned, abandoned, and homeless children were placed throughout the United States and Canada during the Orphan Train Movement.  When the orphan train movement began, it was estimated that 30,000 abandoned children were living on the streets of New York City.”
The article from The National Orphan Train Museum website  continues:

Need for the Orphan Trains

Mass Immigration – Part of the Problem

In 1853, the United States began surveying railroad lines to the Pacific, mapping four different routes. Posters, flyers and advertisements were sent to Europe and the rest of the world extolling the virtues of coming to America and getting “free land.” Many were led to believe America was the “land of milk and honey” they so desperately wanted for themselves and their children.  As a result the United States received a larger number of immigrants than any other country in history.  Between 1841 and 1860, America welcomed 4,311,465 newcomers. Many left their homelands because of poor harvests, famines, political unrest and revolutions.  Agents of steamship lines along with the railroad companies attracted thousands to the United States with words such as “the land of opportunity” and “land of a second chance.” This brought laborers for the factories, tenants for western lands, and often chaos to young families when housing became a problem.

It wasn’t until 1882 that congress passed the first general immigration statute.

As early as 1830, some states passed immigration laws of their own but in 1872 the Supreme Court decided these state laws violated the constitution.

Ellis Island, located in New York Harbor, opened in 1892 as property of the United States Bureau of Immigration (later the Immigration and Naturalization Service) but the main structure was gutted by fire in 1897, reopening in 1900 processing 2,251 immigrants the first day.

In 1907, a record number (1,285,349) of immigrants were admitted to the United States. Ten years later, Congress passed a law that required an immigrant to prove that he could read and write at least one language. Physically handicapped and children under 16 did not have to meet this requirement.

The 1921 quota law allowed up to 357,000 aliens from countries outside the Western Hemisphere to enter the United States and by 1924, the total was down to 150,000.

Ellis Island closed in 1954 but became part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965.


Insufficient Living Conditions Added Problems

Port cities were overcrowded for even temporary housing. Tenements often housed ten or more persons to the room. Jobs became scarce and labor was cheap.

Without the extended family (grandparents, aunts, uncles) to rely upon in times of need, young families fell apart. Children as young as six years old were working to help support the family.  Food became scarce. Job safety was not a priority causing many men to be killed in accidents at sea and in other work places. This left women and children to make their own way living as best they could.

Diseases from living in unsanitary quarters led to early deaths of overworked mothers.  Orphanages were built to care for as many children as could possibly be taken in. Adults could pay for the care on a weekly or monthly basis but if the payments stopped, the child became a ward of the court and was “disposed” of as the social workers saw fit.


Indoor Relief and Prejudice in Aid 

America’s first aid relief stemmed from the English Poor Laws of 1601. The laws allowed taxation to aid those in need by the government. While outdoor relief was offered in the form of money, clothes, food and other goods, relief in growing cities quickly shifted to indoor relief. The first New York State poorhouse open in 1734 turning the tide of aid offered in America toward indoor relief. Indoor relief came in many forms, poorhouses, orphanages, and work farms. While indoor relief was meant to “teach” struggling individuals to provided for themselves it led to segregation of the poor and an out-of-sight-out-of-mind approach to all in need.

Aid to the poor was left to the work of public and private aid organizations. This meant more relief but each organization created their own set of criteria. Race, nationality, religion, gender, martial status, and birth legitimacy would limit where individuals and families could seek help.

Lack of aid, epidemics, unsafe work environments, overcrowded tenements and wars would all contribute to children being placed in orphanages and asylums. Large city facilities could house upwards of 200 to 2000 children.

Gods of the Copybook Headings

I use as my fact-checker.  Below is the beginning of a recent editorial from the website: 

Rudyard Kipling wrote his poem “The Gods of the Copybook Headings” in 1919, when the world lay shattered after the devastation of World War I.

In the 19th-century, British students had special books, called copybooks. At the top of each page a piece of age-old wisdom was printed. These extolled traditional virtues such as honesty and fair dealing. It was the job of the students to repeatedly write the copybook lines down the page in the hopes that this would impress the virtues into their minds.

The point Kipling makes in his poem is that no matter how hard people try to avoid certain truths, they are still true, and they will ultimately prevail. You can try shortcuts all you want (and haven’t we all, at times?) but shortcuts don’t get you where you really want to be.

—end quote

Gods of the Copybook Page


Joe’s Sermon, July 29, 2018


Now to Him who by the power at work within us is able to accomplish abundantly far more than all we can ask or imagine, to Him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus to all generations forever.

The Epistle today is at the end of a prayer in Paul’s letter to the church in Ephesus. Paul is speaking of the indwelling of God’s Spirit in all of us and how that Spirit can lead us to greater things than we can ask or imagine.

So often when we think of God we think of God as transcendent–out there or up there.  Paul is calling us to remember that God is also within us.  And that His Spirit is there to guide us and lead us in life.

Too often we feel God is distant from us.  Maybe we have pushed God out there because we fear His closeness and intimacy.

The truth that Paul is telling us is that God is ever present with us and that God loves us and wants to guide us and help us have fulfilling lives.

We often dwell on God as being a parent figure and we are God’s rebellious adolescents.  We relate to God as a judge rather than a lover of us.  That image of God is also why we relate to God as “out there.”

We cannot escape God’s presence if we recall that God is within each of us — in every one God has created.  Remember we are created in God’s image and God’s image is a God of love.

Jesus came into this world to help us understand how near to us God’s Spirit is.  Jesus is God incarnate — in the flesh.

Once we realize God is in us there is no limit to what we can do and be.  As Paul says:  Watch “Him who by the power at work within us is able to accomplish abundantly more than all we can ask or imagine.”

This is why we need to get to know the power of God within us.  It means taking the time to become intimate with God ourselves.  God is our friend, not our parent.  God wants what is best for us.

Dag Hammershjold former leader of the UN once said — “Choose your limitations and surely enough they will be your limitations.”

We seem to live this way rather than realize the power of God to lead us to greater things than we can ask or imagine.

Let us heed what Paul’s is trying to tell us today.

The Sam Scheib Family Remembers



Dr. Rochelle Gail Scheib, MD

 Medical Oncologist specializing in breast cancer at the Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard University 1987 -present 

Medical specialist in HIV for the Department of Public Health of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 1987-2017 advocating for underserved populations with  HIV and Aids

Sam Scheib was born in 1923 in Przemslany, Poland located in southeastern Poland. This is now the Ukraine formerly part of the Union of Soviet SocialistRepublics. Prior to World War II, Przemslany’s population was composed of 60 percent Jews which included my father, Sam Scheib, and his family. His family included his father Joseph, his mother Hinda, his older sister Ann and younger brother Meyer.  My father’s family were primarily farmers. 

 In September,1939 Hitler’s Germany Continue reading “The Sam Scheib Family Remembers”

Levine’s Dept Store

Levine’s Department Store was an important place in Windsor for years.  As a part of Windsor’s 250th anniversary celebration Eva Scheib was asked to write a history of the store, which her family purchased in 1942.  Her story will become part of a history book of Windsor sponsored by the 250th Celebration Committee.

Coincidentally, during the week of Valentine’s Day 2018, the same week that Eva Scheib was writing this story of her family’s escape from Nazi Germany to Windsor, her son Sam was attending school at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland Florida when a fellow student opened fire, shot and killed seventeen people.  Sam escaped and is one of the several students seen fleeing in a video broadcast on national news.

Levine_s Department Store Eva Scheib Hendler of Parkland, Florida